What causes some people feel better than others only because they look different?
What is the psychological and physiological damage caused by racism?
We are not born racist. What/Who is responsible for this biased attitude?
How can we combat it?
READING Task 1
Have you ever heard of Prince Philip? He’s the husband of Queen Elizabeth (please note that despite being married to the Queen, he is not the king!)
Read the Al Jazeera article about his racist antics, reflect on the following questions, and then either discuss your conclusions with a partner, the rest of the group or put them in writing.
- Why is Prince Philip’s racism “priceless”? Do you agree with the author’s opinion? Do you perceive the examples of his behavior as truly racist? Bigoted? Intolerant? Harmless? Funny? Witty? … Please explain your position.
- What could be the result of hearing such comments have on the people who hear them? How would you feel if Prince Philip’s “jokes” were about you or your loved ones?
- The article’s author has something to say about tolerance. How does he define it? Is he a fan of it? Why / why not?
The article contains some really challenging words and expressions. Please choose three that you did not know before reading it and find their meaning. Use a good dictionary such as the Merrian-Webster Learner’s Dictionary: www.learnersdictionary.com
Power relations: Focus on Kara Walker’s art
What is the artist’s motivation and field of exploration?
What forms of art is she most famous for?
READING Task 2
- Please read the article below and see if you can find the missing words – you don’t need to guess what specific words were used in the original article, it’s enough for you to insert words that work – make sense grammatically and logically.
- Can you translate the challenging expressions that have been underlined?
Some white people don’t want to hear about slavery at plantations built by slaves
The nasty online reviews have gone viral on Twitter.
By Gillian Brockell, August 8, 2019
“It was just not what we expected.”
“I was depressed by the time I left.”
“ … the tour was more of a of the old South.”
“The _______[short] mentions of the former owners were ________[oszczerczy].”
“Would not recommend.”
These are a few of the apparently negative reviews posted online about guided tours of Southern plantations, some of which went viral Thursday after former Colorado congressional candidate Saira Rao tweeted an image of one.
Approximately 12.5 million human beings were kidnapped from their homes in Africa and shipped to the New World from 1514 to 1866, according to historian Henry Louis Gates Jr. One in eight died en route. Most were sent to South America. In 1860, the Census counted approximately 4 million enslaved people in the United States, according to PolitiFact.
“Would not recommend. Tour was all about how hard it was for the slaves,” wrote one reviewer of the Whitney Plantation in Louisiana.
Slaves who lived on plantations typically worked 10-16 hours a day, six days a week, according to the University of Houston’s Digital History. Children as young as 3 were put to work.
“I was depressed by the time I left and questioned why anyone would want to live in South Carolina,” read one review posted to Twitter about the McLeod Plantation in Charleston.
In 1860, 402,406 people were living in South Carolina not because they wanted to, but because they were enslaved. They made up 57 percent of the state’s population, according to census data.
“I felt (the African American tour guide) __________ [ubarwiała] her presentation and was racist towards me as a white person,” another McLeod visitor wrote.
In 1993, historian Clarence J. Munford estimated the value of the labor performed by black slaves in the United States between 1619 and 1865, ______________________________ [uwzględniając 6% odsetek], to be $97.1 trillion. In today’s dollars, without further ___________ [procent składany] added, that would be $172 trillion.
“Our guide Olivia offered a heavy ____________ [stronniczość] with only the hand-picked facts that neatly fit her narrative and for a large part weren’t __________ to a plantation tour,” one person said of the McLeod Plantation, according to a review posted to Twitter, before following up with the racist comment, “I found it amusing when she told us some freed slaves fled to northern cities like Baltimore and Detroit where they continued to thrive to this day!”
As many as 100,000 people escaped slavery on the ____________________, according to historian James A. Banks.
“There is really nothing good you can say about slavery but I felt [the tour guide] took it too far. His information is correct but I think he _______ [pominął] part of the story,” one review read.
This month, Virginia will commemorate the arrival of the first enslaved Africans in 1619, which ushered in 246 years of brutal subjugation for millions of men, women and children.
“If you’re looking to visit a traditional plantation, look elsewhere,” one review read.
Many plantations, including George Washington’s Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, are working to present a more accurate image of what life was like for slaves and slave owners.
For those who may prefer a fuzzier, less accurate portrayal of plantation life, “Gone with the Wind” is streaming on Amazon and iTunes for $3.99 — a low price but still higher than the average slave’s wage, which was $0.
Afro-American heritage: Focus on Jean Michel Basquiat
What were the artist’s inspirations and goal in terms of his people’s background?